Access to improved sanitation was declared a human right in July 2010 and is also one of the eight UN Millennium Development Goals set for 2015.
2.6 billion people worldwide do not have any access to sanitation. This causes massive problems in terms of public health, the economy, and social issues – especially for women and the elderly.
1.5 million children die every year on diarrhea - that is a higher number than HIV, Malaria, and measles combined. Lack of sanitation in schools is the number one reason for girls to drop out of school as soon as they reach puberty. In cities such as Delhi, open defecation is the cause of the majority of rapes of women and children.
The global sanitation crisis will not be solved using conventional sanitary technology – the main reason being that there is not enough water for flushing and cleaning, not to mention the costs this would entail. In view of this task’s magnitude, charitable finance of such a model is impossible.
x-runner is a portable toilet specifically designed for the private households in poor urban areas, where the population does not own the land, is living in small crowded spaces where a sewage system is non-existent.
Every three to five days, the tank is removed from the toilet and the feces can be conveniently rolled to a local biogas plant for processing. The biogas plant then transforms the excrements into biogas and fertilizers: The households can benefit from the energy payback directly to use it for cooking, warm showers or lighting.
To make this a reality, the Noah Foundation and the x-runner project team are currently working on the implementation of a pilot scheme.