Prevailing Dynamics of the Peace and Human Security Environment in Marsabit County Northern Kenya
Pastoralism is a livelihood and production system that enables communities living in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASAL) to cope with climatic fluctuations. But pastoral systems depend on maintaining a delicate balance between pastures and other natural resources, livestock and people. Central to this balance is livestock and human mobility - moving herds to areas with better grazing conditions, particularly in dry periods.Consequently, scarcer resources and demographic growth have elicited increased competition for natural resources in Marsabit County. Further, acute economic, environmental, personal and community insecurities are interlinked and feed on each other due to their chronic and pervasive nature. Social cultural practices like cattle rustling, revenges and initiation rites have fuelled tribal conflicts as well as competition over the limited resources of pastureland and water points in the area. In addition, political incitation has been a strong ingredient and catalyst to the tribal conflicts in the region.
The Project Objectives
The project shall build local capacities to analyze, prevent, forecast and positively respond to conflict between the antagonist communities so as to promote confidence and build trust.
The specific objectives of the project shall be to:
1.Restore, preserve and promote peaceful co-existence and create an enabling environment for early recovery and rehabilitation of communities.
2.Contribute to stabilization of communities while restoring trust and confidence between them
3.Build and strengthen the capacity of affected communities, their leaders and local community groups on strategies for peaceful coexistence
Expected Project Outputs
1.Increased prevention of conflict through community participation, ownership and implementation of small-scale livelihood based projects.
2.Improved physical infrastructure that promotes opportunities for inter-community / inter-group cooperation.
3.Improved cooperation for sharing the scarce available resources through historical and indigenous mechanisms.
4.Increased inter-community tolerance among children and youth from the target areas.
5.Antagonist communities to interact in a peaceful manner through joint training and the establishment of joint markets and trade opportunities.
6.Improved community-level reconciliation and increased co-operation between competing communities over access to water resources.
7.Increased capacities of vulnerable households to generate income and improve household food security among residents of target communities.
8.Increased capacity of members of Peace and Development Committees at the County and Sub-County levels to conduct conflict mapping and assessment, basic conflict resolution and manage a conflict monitoring system.
9.Strengthened systems for collection and dissemination of information on potential and ongoing confli