The project builds the resilience of communities in border districts of Kenya and Ethiopia, prone to drought and flood related disasters. It reduces disaster risks applying the Community Managed Disaster Risk Reduction (CMDRR) approach. Livelihoods will be protected and diversified, while applying environmentally sustainable techniques, including water management and flood protection in cross border ecosystems. The project will identify contingency activities to be activated as a crisis modifier. Activities are planned and implemented with the communities and local authorities, more especially in terms of early warning and contingency & response planning.
Problem to Address:
The climate extremes that the project proposes to build resilience for are drought and floods. Both occur frequently in the semi-arid areas of Kenya and Ethiopia and are becoming more extreme as a result of climate change as well as other factors, including but not limited to erosion, land fragmentation and population growth.
The events affect men, women, girls and boys in different ways because their roles and responsibilities are different. Normal patterns of life are disrupted and may even lead to the break- up of families.
During a drought, women are typically more affected because it is their job to find water and food for the family. They are also more vulnerable because they have limited access to resources and control over them. The workload of women and girls increases, walking long distances to fetch water, exposing them to risks. Milk becomes scarce affecting nutrition status of the family. Men go out in search for pasture and water; they migrate to distant pastures exposing themselves to risk of attack. Families are often separated for a long period. Women care for the family while men are away. Women look after more vulnerable groups like children, the elderly and the ill. Children may drop out of school to help, while some end up in towns.
Floods have become the second climate extreme, often following a period of drought, resulting in human and livestock casualties, break-up of families, outbreak of disease and infrastructural damage.
Potential long term Impact of the Project:
A total of 300,000 people of targeted cross border communities, especially at risk women and children, in Ethiopia and Kenya, are more resilient to droughts and floods. In the short term they are able to recover from shocks and feed their families throughout periods of stress. In the long term they will have sustained access to basic services; can prepare for, mitigate and manage shocks with their own resources; and will peacefully manage and share trans-boundary natural resources. Studies and documentation of good practices will inform and support authorities and development partners in improving policies, strengthening institutions and international initiatives.