As the people faced the impact of liberalization and structural adjustments, social malaise such as grand corruption, greed, mismanagement of national resources, poverty, inflation and heinous crimes seeped into the mainstream of the society. The disadvantaged and marginalized groups have been affected greatly by the economic hardships and poverty and the hopes of even their children to have a better future have been fading away. One of the marginalized groups which have been affected by such a situation are Albinos in Tanzania. It is believed that Tanzania has 270, 000 to 400, 000 Albinos. 78 albinos have been Killed in Tanzania since 2007, and in Burundi 28 albino have been killed. many are not reported becaouse of luck of communication
Today, Tanzanians with Albinism live in constant fear for their lives and limb. This pathetic situation commenced sometimes in or around 2007 when some people in the quest of get rich quick circulated rumors that “the albino organs possess mystical powers that can make a person fabulously rich within a short time. To show how serious the problem is, recently buried albino dead bodies are sometimes exhumed at night by unidentified people in search of the 'magical organs'. Since the mining and fishing industries are currently enjoying an unprecedented boom, so the two sectors are attracting people from all walks of life and cultures and this factor has increased the albino risks.”
Given their small number and vulnerability, Tanzanian albinos need adequate basic social services and legal protection so that they too can fully enjoy their right to life and freedom to move freely without fear as other Tanzanians do. It is also imperative to build their capacity to have the opportunity to lead a normal life with equal status and to their full potential as members of the Tanzanian community. Unfortunately, in many African families having albino is a stigma hence drawing little attention on their affairs, including social protection. They also experience social segregation in many aspects of life e.g. life skills and education. Moreover, this albino society is a victim of witch-craft beliefs by being killed by witch-craft practices who believe that body parts of albino can increase on their wealth. That idea has made the Albinos life in Africa, especially in Tanzania unsafe, insecure and vulnerable.